St. Louis IX


He was the second Tudor monarch and was well-known for having six wives. His break with the papacy in Rome established the Church of England and began the Reformation. After the death of his elder brother Arthur in , Henry became heir to the English throne. Soon after he obtained the papal dispensation required to allow him to marry his brother’s widow, Catherine of Aragon. In the first years of his reign Henry VIII effectively relied on Thomas Wolsey to rule for him, and by Henry had elevated him to the highest role in government: In Pope Leo X conferred the title of Defender of the Faith on Henry for his book ‘Assertio Septem Sacramentorum’, which affirmed the supremacy of the Pope in the face of the reforming ideals of the German theologian, Martin Luther. Wolsey proved himself to be an outstanding minister in his organisation of the first French campaign and while the Scots saw this war as an opportunity to invade England, they were defeated at Flodden in However war with France ultimately proved expensive and unsuccessful. By his death he had built up a navy of around 50 ships. He refitted several vessels with the latest guns including the Mary Rose, which sank in

Henry VIII: The Mask of Royalty: Lacey Baldwin Smith: : Books

January 19, This has got to be an eHarmony date. Too many matches that did not meet even minimum criteria — location, height, religion, political affiliation, etc. I would rather have fewer matches that actually fit my criteria rather than have hundreds of men that did not come even close to what I had indicated in my preferences.

Despite the fact that she was the sovereign queen of another country, Mary was tried by an English court and condemned; her son, James, who had not seen his mother since infancy and now had his sights fixed on succeeding to the English throne, raised no objections.

Peter ad Vincula at the Tower of London Anne’s Early Years For a woman who played such an important part in English history, we know remarkably little about her earliest years. Antonia Fraser puts Anne’s birth at or , probably at Blickling Norfolk and the date of birth seems to be at the end of May or early June. Other historians put Anne’s birth as late as or Anne spent part of her childhood at the court of the Archduchess Margaret.

Fraser puts her age at , as that was the minimum age for a ‘fille d’honneur’. Anne’s sister Mary was already in ‘the French Queen’s’ attendance. Anne remained in France for the next 6 or 7 years. During her stay in France she learned to speak French fluently and developed a taste for French clothes, poetry and music. Anne’s Appearance The legend of Anne Boleyn always includes a sixth finger and a large mole or goiter on her neck.

However, one would have to wonder if a woman with these oddities not to mention the numerous other moles and warts she was said to have would be so captivating to the king. She may have had some small moles, as most people do, but they would be more like the attractive ‘beauty marks’. A quote from the Venetian Ambassador said she was ‘not one of the handsomest women in the world She was considered moderately pretty.

MY DIARY: Henry VIII and his six wives

New Statesman Why did Anne Boleyn have to die? By this time, the king had been married to the Spanish Catherine of Aragon for over fifteen years and, after six pregnancies, only a single child had survived, and that was a daughter: Educated in the Netherlands and France, the dark-eyed Anne was intelligent and stylish, in contrast to the much older Catherine, then past her fortieth birthday.

In anticipation of more children, Henry instigated the divorce proceedings that would result in his breach with the Roman Catholic church, the displacement of an anointed Queen and his own excommunication. All this for Anne. As if to make his point, Henry probably married her twice, first at the end of , and again the following January.

Elizabeth, on the other hand, is depicted as being much older, with the series portraying her as a teenager, when Henry married Catherine Howard.

Today, the government caved in an accepted its demands. Affirmative powers must be debated by MPs before they become law – yet negative powers become law before MPs get to look at them. The government had planned for most powers relating to EU law to be ‘negative’. Instead each law will now have to be laid before the committee for two weeks – 10 Parliamentary days – to decide if they should be upgraded to ‘affirmative’.

Meanwhile the power balance on the crucial body could spark a major political row. Officials today said they expected it to feature 16 MPs: That would leave the control of the committee on a knife-edge, because whichever party provides the chair could effectively lose out on a majority. Meanwhile some MPs may argue laws are still being made without enough scrutiny.

Henry The VIII & Anne Boleyn

Share King of England, born 28 June, ; died 28 January, He was the second son and third child of his father, Henry VII. His elder brother Arthur died in April, , and consequently Henry became heir to the throne when he was not yet quite eleven years old. It has been asserted that Henry’s interest in theological questions was due to the bias of his early education, since he had at first been destined by his father for the Church.

The amount of law enforcement matches was baffling to me.

Share this article Share Just 10 years ago, it seemed that Harry was destined to become yet another playboy prince but following two stints in Afghanistan and a series of well-publicised disasters, he has emerged as an empathetic figure who works hard, adores children and has his mother’s common touch. Prince Harry has always had a mischievous streak as this photo of him aged three demonstrates People’s prince: Harry has inherited his mother’s ability to connect with people, children in particular A passion project of Prince Harry’s, the games will bring more than wounded servicemen and women from 13 different countries to London to take part in a series of Paralympic style events.

More than a year in the making, the prince has worked tirelessly to make the Invictus Games happen, despite having to juggle organisation with royal duties and an Antarctic trek to raise money for Help for Heroes. Now about to turn 30, there’s still time for Prince Harry to turn into one of the spares of old but so far, he has managed to carve out a satisfying role for himself that pleases the Royal Family and the public alike.

But it wasn’t always so.

Henry VIII

Liberties are taken with character names, relationships, historical costume, physical appearance and the timing of events. And we wanted people to watch it. In reality, Catherine of Aragon who was not dark-haired at all, but had auburn hair and fair skin, much like her daughter Mary , was only six years his elder, and he was approximately a decade older than Anne Boleyn. The matter of Henry falling enough in love with Anne to seek an annulment, ultimately severing from the Catholic Church, setting aside Catherine and marrying Anne took another seven years to resolve, culminating in Anne’s coronation in

A holy site dating from the 6th century, the religious community at St Davids was ransacked by Norse raiders at least 10 times over the next years.

See Article History Alternative Titles: Her unwise marital and political actions provoked rebellion among the Scottish nobles, forcing her to flee to England , where she was eventually beheaded as a Roman Catholic threat to the English throne. The death of her father six days after her birth left Mary as queen of Scotland in her own right.

Her mother saw to it that Mary was sent to France at age five. French now became her first language, and indeed in every other way Mary grew into a Frenchwoman rather than a Scot. By her remarkable beauty, with her tall, slender figure she was about 5 feet 11 inches , her red-gold hair and amber-coloured eyes, and her taste for music and poetry, Mary summed up the contemporary ideal of the Renaissance princess at the time of her marriage to Francis , eldest son of Henry and Catherine, in April Although it was a political match aimed at the union of France and Scotland, Mary was sincerely fond of her boy husband, though the marriage was probably never consummated.

The accession of Elizabeth Tudor to the throne of England in November meant that Mary was, by virtue of her Tudor blood, next in line to the English throne. She refused to acknowledge Mary as her heiress, however much Mary, nothing if not royal by temperament, prized her English rights. While Mary herself was a Roman Catholic, the official religion of Scotland had been reformed to Protestantism in her absence, and she thus represented to many, including the leading Calvinist preacher John Knox , a foreign queen of an alien religion.

Most difficult of all were the Scottish nobles; factious and turbulent after a series of royal minorities, they cared more for private feuds and self-aggrandizement than support of the crown. Nevertheless, for the first years of her rule, Mary managed well, with the aid of her natural half-brother James, earl of Moray , and helped in particular by her policy of religious tolerance. Nor were all the Scots averse to the spectacle of a pretty young queen creating a graceful court life and enjoying her progresses round the country.

What really went on in Henry VIII’s bedroom

Toponymy[ edit ] The place-name ‘Greenwich’ is first attested in a Saxon charter of , where it appears as Gronewic. The name means ‘green wic or settlement’ from the Latin ‘vicus’. However, Greenwich was divided into the registration subdistricts of Greenwich East and Greenwich West from the beginning of civil registration in , the boundary running down what is now Greenwich Church Street and Crooms Hill, although more modern references to “East” and “West” Greenwich probably refer to the areas east and west of the Royal Naval College and National Maritime Museum corresponding with the West Greenwich council ward.

An article in The Times of 13 October stated: East Greenwich, gateway to the Blackwall Tunnel , remains solidly working class , the manpower for one eighth of London’s heavy industry. West Greenwich is a hybrid:

She was of average height, had small breasts and a long, elegant neck.

February 18, at 1: Eltham later fell into a period of decline and was poorly maintained. The palace enjoyed a glamorous new lease of life in the s when it was purchased by millionaire socialites Stephen and Virginia Courtauld. The Courtaulds decorated the house with their extensive art collection and built a stunning art deco domed entrance hall, perfect for hosting parties with visitors as diverse as Russian composer Stravinsky, actress and singer Gracie Fields and Conservative politician Rab Butler.

Another highlight was the map room, in which Stephen and Virginia planned their frequent travels. Elsewhere in the house, door reliefs were decorated with exotic images of animals and birds such as kangaroos and armadillos, drawn from life at London Zoo. Jungle murals covered the walls and a central heating system was specially installed to remind Mah-Jongg of his tropical home. To find out more about Eltham Palace, click here. Kew Palace, Richmond upon Thames Built in as a country retreat for Flemish silk merchant Samuel Fortrey and his wife, Catherine, Kew Palace passed through the hands of several wealthy and well-known tenants in its early years, including the Lord Mayor of London in

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Silvia is now sifting through archives and searching museums in every corner of the globe to uncover the lost treasures in a bid to restore them to Strawberry Hill. Can you help her in her quest? Charles Kean turns the dagger over and over in his hands, rubies burn red like flames lapping at the handle. Or did he draw it close to him, peering at it under the lamplight, gently rotating it to make the rubies dance like glowing embers?

Most remarkable of all was the rosewood and ivory cabinet designed by Walpole himself and commissioned to house his inestimable collection of miniature portraits.

Land outside the physical boundaries of England, as in America, was treated as belonging constructively to one of the existing royal manors, and from Tudor times grants frequently used the name of the manor of East Greenwich, [9] but some 17c.

The uncanny threshold is a concept derived from my personal experience of contemporary Australian architecture in the form of Lovett Bay House, the private home of architects Richard Leplastrier and Karen Lambert in New South Wales. This research argues that Lovett Bay House challenges Malpas’s view that the threshold is something that needs to be crossed, as a zone of transition, in order to be a threshold.

At Lovett Bay House, the absence of a conventional door, and the effective removal of the front wall, shifts the concept of the threshold as space of transition from inside to outside or vice versa to the threshold as a zone of habitation — a space in which one dwells. Within the zone of habitation it is argued that everyday experiences are made extraordinary through the simultaneous and overlapping space of the extended entranceway; the inside and outside experienced as one, and, what I have termed, the uncanny threshold.

It is the aim of this research to explore the physical entity and felt experience of the uncanny threshold through the pictorial space of painting. In the first instance, a genealogy of the threshold is developed, drawing on the sublime as a device in painting. Turner have been selected, each demonstrating a particular approach to the sublime and, hence, the threshold in painting. In the contemporary setting, works by Peter Doig, Karin Mamma Andersson and Jess MacNeil have been selected to explore the uncanny threshold in painting.

Henry Cavill

He could be a nutter! Fed up with living the single life and finding it hard to get out to meet people being a single mum, my friend had signed up to an internet dating website and met a guy online. After a few texts and e-mails they had arranged to meet, she was nervous and excited. Research reveals that online dating is now one of the most common ways of starting a new relationship second only to meeting someone through friends.

In just one month figures showed there were 25 million people using online dating sites. The average users spends 12 hours a week searching profiles for prospective partners but analysis of studies into online dating found there are problems with it; searching through lists of strangers with not much info reveals little about potential matches and there is too much choice.

Once considered one of Britain’s most beautiful women, she became famous for her turbulent love life, most notoriously, her love affair with royal equerry Peter Townsend who was divorced and 16 years her senior.

Fri, 11 Mar Among a long list of personality quirks and historical drama, Henry VIII is known for the development of health problems in mid-life and a series of miscarriages for two of his wives. In a new study, researchers propose that Henry had an X-linked genetic disorder and a rare blood type that could explain many of his problems. By suggesting biological causes for significant historical events, the study offers new ways to think about the infamous life of the notorious 16th-century British monarch, said Catarina Whitley, a bioarchaeologist who completed the research while at Southern Methodist University.

Could it be him? As a young man, he was fit and healthy. But by the time of his death, the King weighed close to pounds.

Horrible Histories

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